Nutrition targets and commitments

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SUN Countries are striving to achieve the World Health Organization targets for maternal, infant, and young child nutrition by 2025, in addition to relevant targets for preventing and controlling non-communicable diseases. These goals are at core of the International Conference on Nutrition 2 (ICN2) Framework for Action and are integral for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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Over the past few years, international forums have been used to set targets and announce different commitments to end malnutrition. These global targets and commitments can help to advance national nutrition agendas by building awareness, igniting political will and informing comprehensive planning processes that identify concrete actions and resources to effectively translate commitments into results.

The 22nd series of SUN Country Network meetings, discussions were focused on setting targets and making commitments and featured presentations by Burkina Faso, Congo Brazzaville, Côte d’Ivoire, Indonesia, Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic, Peru, Sierra Leone and Zambia.

The Global Nutrition Report team are providing assistance to countries that are developing new or revised SMART commitments. A SMART commitment guideline is available at http://globalnutritionreport.org/files/2016/03/SMART-guideline-GNR-2016.pdf, and the Global Nutrition Report hotline email is GnrSmart2016@gmail.com

World Health Assembly Targets & non-communicable disease targets

In 2012, the World Health Assembly Resolution 65.6 endorsed a Comprehensive Implementation Plan on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition, which specified six global nutrition targets for 2025.

  • 40% reduction in the number of children under-5 who are stunted
  • 50% reduction of anaemia in women of reproductive age
  • 30% reduction in low birth weight
  • no increase in childhood overweight
  • increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months up to at least 50%
  • reduce and maintain childhood wasting to less than 5%

In 2014, Member States of the World Health Assembly approved a Global Monitoring Framework on MIYCN to track progress against these targets that led to the approval of the core set of indicators by World Health Assembly 2015.

The World Health Assembly Tracking Tool at http://www.who.int/nutrition/trackingtool/en/ can help countries to calculate national targets based on recent baseline findings, historical trends and population growth rates. However, the level of ambition in setting the targets will depend on the country-based analysis of the current circumstances and a review of the policies and actions that are planned and implemented.

Additionally, participants of the sixty-sixth session of the World Health Assembly in 2013 adopted the comprehensive global monitoring framework and targets for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. The two nutrition related voluntary targets are:

  • A 30% relative reduction in mean population intake of salt/sodium (indicator: Average adult salt intake).
  • Halt the rise in diabetes & obesity (Indicators: Adult diabetes, adolescent overweight and obesity and adult overweight & obesity).

2014 Rome Declaration on Nutrition and its Framework for Action endorsed at ICN2

The Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) was a high-level intergovernmental meeting that focused global attention on addressing malnutrition in all its forms that took place in Rome in November 2014. Over 2200 participants attended the meeting͕ including representatives from more than 170 governments, 150 representatives from civil society and nearly 100 from the business community. The two main outcome documents, the Rome Declaration on Nutrition and the Framework for Action, were endorsed by participating governments at the conference, committing world leaders to establishing national policies aimed at eradicating malnutrition and transforming food systems to make nutritious diets available to all.

The Framework for Action also adopts the existing WHA global targets for improving maternal, infant and young child nutrition and the targets for non-communicable disease risk factor reduction to be achieved by 2025. It is a voluntary framework, composed of 60 recommendations. Rome Declaration and the FFA were also endorsed at the 68th session of the World Health Assembly 2015.

Committee on World Food Security and the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition

The Committee on World Food Security (CFS) is an inclusive international and intergovernmental platform for all stakeholders to work together in a coordinated way to ensure food security and nutrition for all. The High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE) was established in 2010 as the science-policy interface of the CFS. The HLPE aims to improve the robustness of policymaking by providing independent͕ evidence-based analysis and advice at the request of the CFS. The ICN2 Declaration calls for the UN system including the CFS to work more effectively together to support national and regional efforts as appropriate and enhance international cooperation and development assistance to accelerate progress in addressing malnutrition.

At the 42nd session of the CFS, all CFS constituencies confirmed their support for CFS to play an important role in advancing nutrition within its mandate, in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adding value to on-going work and fostering synergy. The recent adoption of the 2030 Agenda and ICN2 commitments provide CFS with an opportunity to scale up its work on nutrition.

Follow Up

It was agreed that an Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) on nutrition, would be formed to consider the suggestions that have been made for CFS work on nutrition during the 42nd session of the CFS.  These suggestions include proactively mainstreaming nutrition into all CFS work including HLPE reports, involving more organizations with a mandate on nutrition in the CFS Advisory Group,  incorporating the Rome Declaration on Nutrition and its Framework for Action into future CFS work as well as using the CFS convening power during plenary and inter-sessional periods to share lessons learned, good practices and report on progress made at country or regional levels on specific nutrition-relevant issues.

Funding for Coverage of the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) Meetings on Nutrition has been provided by CFS to the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Reporting Services. IISD Reporting Services are publishing briefing notes following each session of the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) Meetings on Nutrition. Learn more at IISD.

Nutrition for Growth summits in London (2013) Rio (2016) and the Global Nutrition Report (GNR)

On 8th June 2013, 90 stakeholders, including governments, development partners, businesses, scientific and civil society groups signed on to a global compact to improve nutrition at the Nutrition for Growth summit co-hosted by the governments of the United Kingdom and Brazil and the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation. An ambitious set of individual commitments were also made including a $4.15 billion cumulative financial commitment.

Signatories of the Nutrition for Growth 2013 Global Compact committed to:

  • ensure that at least 500 million pregnant women and children under two are reached with effective nutrition interventions.
  • reduce the number of children under five stunted by at least 20 million
  • save the lives of at least 1.7 million children under 5 by preventing stunting, increasing breastfeeding, and increasing treatment of severe acute malnutrition.

Follow-up

The 2014 and 2015 Global Nutrition Reports have been published in response to the 2013 Global Compact commitment to produce ‘an authoritative annual global report on nutrition’.  The Global Nutrition Report is supported by a wide-ranging group of stakeholders and delivered by an Independent Group of Experts in partnership with a large number of external contributors. The report tracks progress against the World Health Assembly global nutrition targets as well as a wealth of other nutrition indicators in country-by-country profiles.  The report also monitors the specific Nutrition for Growth (N4G) commitments made in London in June 2013.

Access 2014 Global Nutrition Report Nutrition for Growth tracking tables for countriesbusinessCSOdonorsUN and other organisations.

Access 2015 Global Nutrition Report Nutrition for Growth tracking tables for countriesbusinessCSOdonorsUN and other organisations.

In the 2013 global compact, signatories committed to ensuring that a second Nutrition for Growth High Level Event, hosted by the government of Brazil during the 2016 Rio Olympics, provides an opportunity to review progress 1000 days from the date of the compact and make additional commitments.  The 2016 N4G event will be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in August and will be a key opportunity for SUN Countries to announce SMART[1] commitments to implement the ICN2 declaration to meet their WHA nutrition targets.

The Global Nutrition Report (GNR) team will be providing assistance to those countries that are developing new or revised SMART commitments. A SMART commitment guideline will also be available 1 February 2016, and the GNR team will open a “hotline” starting January 15th (learn more here).  Ultimately, however, the identification and implementation of actions will be influenced by the realities unique to each country, especially by a thorough understanding of the country implementation capability.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

In September 2015, more than 150 world leaders attended the UN Sustainable Development Summit held at UN Headquarters in New York to formally adopt an ambitious new sustainable development agenda that builds on the success of the Millennium Development Goals. Agreed by the 193 Member States of the UN, the Agenda, entitled “Transforming Our World: 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,” consists of a Declaration, 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets, a section on means of implementation and renewed global partnership, and a framework for review and follow-up. The 2030 Agenda went into effect on 1 January, 2016. Over the next fifteen years, with these new Goals that universally apply to all, countries will mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind.

Follow Up

While the SDGs are not legally binding, governments are expected to take ownership and establish national frameworks for the achievement of the 17 Goals. At the global level, the 17 SDGs with 169 targets will be monitored using a set of global indicators that are currently being developed and will be agreed by the Statistical Commission at its 47th Session in March 2016. Starting in July 2016, under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council, the UN High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development will meet to oversee the follow-up and review of the implementation of the SDGs at the global level.

Decade of Action on Nutrition

In April 2016, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the resolution “Decade of Action on Nutrition”, described as a a leap forward in galvanising international action on nutrition. The resolution invites governments to actively support its implementation, including the setting of national nutrition targets for 2025 and milestones based on international agreed indicators. An official launch was organized by the Government of the Republic of Uganda and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany in July 2016 as a side-event to the High-level Political Forum.

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