Congo

On 7 October 2013, the Republic of Congo joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from HE Firmin Ayessa, the Minister of State and Director of the office of the President. At the time, Congo Brazzaville had committed to prevent and reduce malnutrition though the 63rd World Health Assembly Resolution on Infant and Young Child Nutrition.

Progress

Bringing people together
81% 2017

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
75% 2017

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
78% 2017

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
54% 2017

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

TOTAL
72% 2017

TOTAL

Nutrition situation

21.2%

Under Five Stunting

13%

Low Birth Weight

32.9%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

8.2%

Under Five Wasting

5.9%

Under Five Overweight

50.7%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

9.4%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

33.6%

Adult Overweight

11%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

On 11 April 2017, a national ad-hoc committee to combat malnutrition was established centrally, by memorandum, while awaiting a revision of the decree establishing a National Council to Combat Malnutrition (CNLM). The new committee groups together nutrition focal points identified within the Presidency, the Office of the Prime Minister, the Senate and National Assembly, sectoral ministries and UN agencies. It is coordinated by the SUN focal point, the Minister and Secretary-General of the Presidency. It will be possible to incorporate the multi-stakeholder platform that exists within the context of the food and nutritional security component of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework into this committee. Additionally, improved participation of the private sector, civil society and donors will not begin until after the CNLM has been established.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
The decree establishing a national council for the fight against malnutrition (CNLM), submitted to the presidency, will be reviewed in the light of the new Constitution. In the meantime, the focal point, the Minister General Secretary of the Presidency, is convening the United Nations teams, governmental sectors and academics on an ad hoc basis and engaging parliamentarians, in accordance with the 2014-2015 roadmap (being redefined for 2016). There is a need to increase the participation of the private sector and civil society, which will commence once the CNLM has been implemented.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The nominations of the Minister Secretary-General of the presidency and his Councillor as political and technical focal points for the SUN Movement have made it possible to accelerate the Republic of Congo’s efforts in matters of nutrition during the course of the current year. The Focal Point regularly convenes meetings of the multisectoral technical cell, a forum for exchanges regarding the implementation of SUN Movement processes.

Although the multi-sectoral and multi-player platform is not yet formally in place, the strategic framework for the fight against malnutrition – for 2025 – provides for the creation of a National Council for the Fight against Malnutrition, which would have its own technical secretariat. The decree establishing the responsibilities, organisation and operation of this institution was finalised at the end of May 2015, after discussions with the various government sectors and other partners in a workshop. Work will now begin to have it officially adopted and promulgated.

Civil society, donors and United Nations agencies are supporting the SUN Movement processes and a joint planning unit is already in place, bringing together civil society, the government and United Nations agencies. Participation of the private sector in discussions needs to be improved. It is envisaged to create other networks able to support the government network.

Last updated: October 2015

There are pro-nutrition legislation and sectoral strategies, however, these are not always followed up with the implementing regulations or the publicity necessary for them to be effective. There will be further analysis of existing legislation in 2017, through a diagnostic study of the national nutrition situation. The Brazzaville Declaration and its roadmap were adopted by Central African states in November 2016, during a sub-regional workshop (organised jointly by the Congo and UNICEF) on repositioning nutrition as a factor of development in Central Africa.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
Pro-nutrition legislation covers micronutrient deficiencies, communication in nutrition, school food and community health policies, which integrate nutritional activities. New laws are in place to improve health security in connection with exportation but it is sometimes problematic to pass implementing legislation. Revisions have been planned of the National nutrition policy, the constitutional acts of the food security council, the fortification commission and the strategy for infant and young child feeding.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
National legislation on nutrition includes measures to promote breastfeeding (provisions relating to maternity leave) and fortified foods, but is also characterized by the absence of any text relating to marketing regulations for breast milk substitutes.

Analysis of sectoral policies on nutrition and food has begun, thanks to completion of the ‘initial assessment’, proposed by the SUN Movement Secretariat when the Republic of Congo joined. Nevertheless this work is worth pursuing. The national policy for social action and the national agricultural and nutritional investment programme – which are still in the process of being created – incorporate various aspects relating to nutrition.

The workshop of May 2015 made it possible to collectively validate the strategic framework for the fight against malnutrition and identify the key strategic pillars for priority implementation. These involve: strengthening the institutional, normative and legislative framework of the fight against malnutrition; extending the scope of direct interventions favorable to nutrition; implementing an operational communication system for development; improving the food security of households as well as capacity building in nutrition actions and research. This framework was then disseminated among the 18 ministries concerned.

Last updated: October 2015

The Strategic Framework to Combat Malnutrition by 2025, along with its 2016-2018 operational plan (which also has a monitoring and evaluation framework), was validated in 2016. Some activities are already being implemented but the start-up difficulties encountered by other programmes can be explained by the delayed start-up of CNLM activities. An evaluation of plan implementation is scheduled for 2017, to assess the situation and form a three-year roadmap. An online portal documenting UN support to the SUN Movement was launched in 2017; an information system for gathering and analysing nutrition data needs to be put in place promptly, as this will enable support for plan implementation and stakeholder alignment.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
The strategic framework for the fight against malnutrition – for 2025 – is combined with a 2016-2018 operational plan, financially costed and provided with a monitoring and evaluation framework. These documents are based on the latest situational analysis of implementation of the actions and the latest nutritional surveys. Their drafting was inclusive, but renewed commitment will be necessary in order to carry out actions associated with gender, water, sanitation and equity. An information system must be established to collect and analyse data.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The operational plan resulting from this strategic framework has been drawn up and is in the process of being validated prior to finalisation. Finally, it is envisaged that a monitoring and evaluation plan will complete the mechanism, in order to create a common results framework and a basis for monitoring the implementation and evaluation of the various multisectoral interventions. Discussions are constantly under way to improve data collection and analysis on food security and nutrition.

Last updated: October 2015

Estimated costings for the 2016-2018 operational plan are in place but have not been followed up with a strategy for mobilising the necessary resources. There is ongoing advocacy work aimed at increasing the nutrition budgets of the sectoral ministries, based largely on the results of a workshop to examine the level of mainstreaming of nutrition into the State budget. This workshop commenced on 7 July 2016 (using the SUN methodology).

Last updated: November 2017

2016
The Congo is one of the founding countries of the worldwide UNITLIFE initiative and is committed to contributing financially to guarantee its launch. Certain activities in the operational plan already have financing and advocacy is under way to include certain nutritional activities in the finance law that is under negotiation, while sectoral finances have been re-evaluated. The main challenge remains disbursement; monitoring and evaluation actions have been undertaken in respect of disbursements on budget lines relating to nutrition.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The Republic of Congo will estimate the financial costs associated with the draft operational plan, in order to be able to mobilise the necessary internal and external resources for its implementation. The creation and mobilisation of a budget line in favour of direct interventions in nutrition is perceived to be a priority to be advocated for implementation.

Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

Jean-Baptiste ONDAYE
Secrétaire général de la présidence de la République

Franck Corneille MAMPOUYA-M'BAMA
Conseiller du SGPR Cabinet du Chef de l'Etat (Technical Focal Point)

Donor Convenor

  • TBC