On 28 May 2013, the Republic of Guinea joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from three ministers. the Minister of Health, Agriculture and Social Welfare. At the time, the Minsters of Health and Agriculture as well as the Minister of Social Affairs and Women and Child Development had all pledged their commitment to the country’s participation in the SUN Movement. The government has also created the Food and Nutrition Division, based in the Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene, to coordinate the management of acute malnutrition activities. The government, with the support of development partners, was also implementing a package of high impact activities to ensure the development of human capital to underpin the future growth of the Republic of Guinea.
Strategic Processes for Scaling Up Nutrition
- Bringing people together
- Coherent policy and legal framework
- Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
- Financial tracking and resource mobilization
The National Council on Food and Nutrition Security (CONSEA) is a multi-sectoral platform, chaired by the prime minister’s advisor on food and nutrition security and including the Ministries for Health, Agriculture, Social Affairs, Communication and the Environment as well as parliamentarians. Its terms of reference are currently being validated with a view to formalization. It is planned to extend it to other stakeholders (donors, private sector, civil society); the CONSEA designs and coordinates a number of policies and projects relating to nutrition but more participation by local and community representatives should be encouraged.
REACH supports the coordination of UN agencies. Civil society is organized within the National Council for civil society organizations. The donor network and business network have not yet been set up.
There is also a National Alliance for food fortification.
The universities are in the process of integrating nutrition into their curriculum.
Guinea has had a national food and nutrition policy since 2005 but it has reviewed this to take multi-sectoral approach into account, with support from the United Nations. The updated policy has been incorporated into a multi-sectoral strategic plan. As the review of both these documents has been finalized, they are now set to be adopted.
National legislation on nutrition includes laws on breastfeeding, nutrition of children born to HIV-positive mothers, the protocol for managing acute malnutrition, salt iodization and flour and oil fortification. However, initiatives must be stepped up to reinforce or disseminate these laws. Guinea is also in the process of incorporating the code of marketing of breast milk substitutes by reviewing existing provisions and increasing protection of maternity leave.
Nutrition is incorporated in a number of security policies: agriculture and food security (through the new investment plan for agriculture and food security, 2011), public health and education (2006 health development plan, the 2012 national policy on food in schools), and social protection (national social development policy). A policy on school feeding is to be created. However, the nutritional content is at times unsatisfactory and coordination between technical ministries is low. A consultation workshop including all stakeholders involved in managing malnutrition was organized in 2014 to promote synergies.
Guinea does not yet have a common results framework as the multi-sectoral action plan has not yet been finalized. A number of interventions are being implemented: T
he technical group on nutrition, which concentrates on direct nutritional interventions, is conducting a number of sub-programs that include nutrition (including integrated programs to prevent chronic, severe and moderate malnutrition, focused on the first 1,000 days and high-impact interventions; food security programs, mass fortification, etc.) implemented by local authorities with technical support from other sectors. Adding a monitoring and evaluation system to track progress is a challenge that needs to be met.
Nutrition interventions are not currently coordinated in financial terms. The State does not have any specific budget line for nutrition. All sector participants are responsible for their own budgets.
Once the multi-sectoral action plan has been finalized, it will be costed and a submission made to government and PTF on its financing.
Last updated: September 2014