Improving the capacity of individuals and institutions to collaborate effectively, at national and sub-national levels, is critical for nutrition impact. The combined power of high level political commitment, paving a path for multi-sectoral action, and a supportive policy environment across sectors essential for improving nutrition – such as health, agriculture, education and water and sanitation; and the scale up of proven interventions, are key ingredients in supporting these transformations.
Individual capacities are the personal traits individuals need to coordinate, engage, manage and communicate attitudes and experiences.
Institutional capacity is the ability of an organisation to scale up nutrition, including public, private, civil society organisations as well as informal networks. Many factors contribute to their performance including culture, structures, processes and funding.
The functional capacity of an environment is dependant on broader social systems and processes. For example, the relationship between ministries of health and agriculture, the regulation of laws and commitments made by members of parliament, or how conflict of interest is managed.
Processes for capacity strengthening
Capacity strengthening is any process that maintains or increases the ability to act of these individuals and organisations, or one that changes the environment in a positive way. For example, an individual’s capacity can be strengthened through training or coaching and an organisation could increase its capacity by hiring more staff or redesigning its structure. An environment can be made more enabling for individuals, for example, if advocacy efforts made politicians more supportive of a specific cause, or, for organisations, if the enforcement of a legal decree helped to legitimise an organisations operation.
Face to face learning exchange
Face to face learning exchange about scaling up nutrition is increasing between SUN Countries and with donor agencies in SUN Countries. This type of exchange allows for a deeper learning experience by enriching participants with ideas and real examples of how nutrition programmes can be put into practice.
Recent learning experiences for the SUN Movement involving multiple countries were organised in partnership with PROCASUR Corporation. The SUN Civil Society Network is partnering with PROCASUR in 2016 for two learning routes focused on civil society efforts for scaling up nutrition. These build on two SUN Movement Learning Routes in Senegal and Peru from 2014 where 14 SUN Countries participated.
Other recent learning exchanges:
- 2016 Lao PDR exchange in Vietnam
- 2016 Tajikistan exchange in Nepal
- 2016 Ghana exchange in Japan
- 2014 Dutch embassy exchange in Ethiopia
Preventing and Managing Conflict of Interest
The SUN Movement Principles of Engagement form an ethical framework for the prevention and management of conflict of interest within the context of the SUN Movement and can be seen as a abase from which national policy frameworks can be developed. In February 2015, the SUN Movement concluded a two-year effort to develop a transparent process assisting SUN Countries to prevent and manage conflict of interest. The resulting Reference Note and Toolkit presents a framework on prevention, identification, management and monitoring of conflict of interest. But, it is understood that the mechanisms for addressing conflict of interest will differ from country to country.