Multisector collaboration for improved nutrition at the subnational level
The determinants of malnutrition are varied, encompassing a range of biological, economic and sociocultural factors. Achieving global targets for reducing undernutrition calls for a multisectoral approach that includes scaled-up, proven, nutrition-specific interventions as well as nutrition-sensitive interventions and approaches.1 The last two decades have seen increasing mobilisation amongst governments to coordinate actions across relevant sectors and stakeholders to better combat malnutrition in a more holistic way.
The Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement encourages coordination of both nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions and approaches through the creation of multisectoral and multi-stakeholder platforms (MSPs) and networks of relevant actors from civil society, academia, businesses and United Nations (UN) agencies to strengthen coordination and action on nutrition at both national and subnational levels.
Although efforts to coordinate have varied by country and context, in recent years, commonalities have begun to emerge in how governments seek to coordinate efforts across sectors and stakeholders to improve nutrition outcomes. This review adds to a growing, albeit still limited, literature examining multisector nutrition policies, plans and governance arrangements across a range of low- and middle-income countries.
This review draws on 14 case studies that were conducted between 2017 and 2019. Eight case studies were conducted by the Emergency Nutrition Network (ENN), and six were conducted by the Scaling Up Nutrition Movement Secretariat (SMS) with the support of Maximising the Quality of Scaling Up Nutrition Plus (MQSUN+) and other partners.
The overall purpose of the review is to learn from and document the experience of key stakeholders at national and subnational level and identify key pathways in selected countries that have contributed to the strengthening of country commitment and action to address malnutrition.
This report was produced by PATH, through the MQSUN+ programme, to synthesise key learnings from 14 case studies of subnational collaboration towards improving nutrition outcomes across multiple sectors.
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