In September 2012, the People’s Republic of Bangladesh joined the SUN Movement with high level commitment from HE Sheikh Hasina, the Prime Minister.“Malnutrition is the largest single contributor to physical and mental under-development and disease. The Secretary General’s SUN Movement, which aims to mobilize a global collective action against malnutrition, particularly in children, is therefore a far-sighted one. The ultimate purpose is to produce new generations of healthy people worldwide. Personally I am committed to taking up these challenges at all levels.” Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (September 2012).
Strategic Processes for Scaling Up Nutrition
- Bringing people together
- Coherent policy and legal framework
- Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
- Financial tracking and resource mobilization
Established in December 2011, the Steering Committee for Nutrition Implementation chaired by the Secretary of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) regularly convenes meetings with 28 representatives from 13 Ministries and 10 Departments, donors, UN, academia as well as the Nutrition Working Group (NWG). A multi-sectoral Steering Committee convened by the Ministry of Food (MoF) also gathers 13 Ministries to monitor the implementation of the National Food Policy Plan of Action (2008-2015) and the Country Investment Plan – CIP (2011 -2015). Civil Societies, NGOs and private sectors are also actively engaged with the Government through different platforms like NWG and Civil Society Networks.Nutrition has been declared as the central component of the national development agenda by the Honorable Prime Minister. To ensure the dynamism of the multi-sectoral approach of nutrition related services, Bangladesh National Nutrition Council (BNNC) is going to be revitalized and chaired by the Honorable Prime Minister. In 2014, UN agencies in the REACH partnership (IFAD, FAO, UNICEF, WFP, WHO) produced a ‘Common Narrative on Under-nutrition’ to strengthen their coherence on nutrition as a developmental priority and to set out how they will support the government and citizens in scaling up nutrition through multi-sectoral approaches. Later on, this document was endorsed by 5 other development partners (Canada, UK, EU, USAID, WB) and others. A pilot of catalyzing a multi-sectoral platform for scaling up nutrition is lead at sub-national level, focusing on one District.
Bangladesh has revisited National Food and Nutrition Policy (1997) and drafted National Nutrition Policy 2012 (NNP) focused on nutrition-sensitive and nutrition-specific interventions. Through its web-site, MOHFW shared NNP with people of Bangladesh and key nutrition actors to integrate their feedback by mid-2014. It is now in process to be placed in cabinet for final endorsement by the Government.The National Food Policy Plan of Action on which the Ministry of Food was working since 2006 was developed through a multisectoral approach and finalised. It outlines nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions in the food, agriculture and health sectors.Bangladesh national legislation includes laws on Food Safety, BMS Act 2013, food fortification and maternal leave up to 6 months, all widely disseminated. A National Nutrition Services Operational Plan was adopted and incorporated within the comprehensive Health Population and Nutrition Sector Development Program 2011-2016 of the Ministry of Health. The 1,000 Days of Life framework is now widely incorporated into the Health, population and nutrition sector-wide programs of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh has begun developing a Common Result Framework (CRF) with the involvement of all relevant stakeholders and it would be based on existing frameworks in key sectors : National Plan of Action for Nutrition (1997); National Sixth Five Year Plan; Vision 2021; 2011 Country Investment Plan for Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition; Draft National Nutrition Policy-2014; other relevant sectoral policies. All Government and Non-Government actors are implementing their programs in line with national policies and programs.The National Nutrition Services, under the MoHFW, delivers a comprehensive nutrition package to communities, including support for IYCF, dietary diversification, food supplementation and fortification, and management of acute malnutrition both at facility and community level.All Government initiatives including education, women empowerment, safety net programmes are moving towards being more nutrition-sensitive. NGOs and Civil Societies are also focusing on nutrition- sensitive activities.
Bangladesh is mobilizing domestic and international finances to support national efforts to improve nutrition. Funds from government and development partners have been allocated through the Government’s Annual Development Programme, formulated by Ministry of Planning with all the line ministries and departments. Funds have also been channelled from development partners to non-governmental organizations.Both the Ministry of Health and Food have robust mechanisms for tracking expenditures, in particular for the Flagship Nutrition Program- National Nutrition Services (NNS) of MoHFW and the Country Investment Plan (CIP) for agriculture, food security and nutrition.
Last updated: September 2014