Ghana

On 25 March 2011, the Republic of Ghana joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from the Minister of Health. At the time, Ghana had established a multi-stakeholder platform, the Cross-Sectoral Planning Group (CSPG), under the National Development Planning Commission. At the policy level, the Ghana National Nutrition Policy was in draft form and through the CSPG, Ghana was working to establish a baseline and identify trends in nutrition financing.

Progress

Bringing people together
69% 2017

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
63% 2017

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
65% 2017

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
51% 2017

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

TOTAL
62% 2017

TOTAL

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Nutrition situation

18.8%

Under Five Stunting

10.7%

Low Birth Weight

52.3%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

4.7%

Under Five Wasting

2.6%

Under Five Overweight

56.4%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

8.3%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

33.6%

Adult Overweight

12.2%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

Ghana’s multi-stakeholder platform (MSP), the Nutrition Cross-Sectoral Planning Group (CSPG), continues to expand, bringing together ten sectors today. The CSPG works at the national level under the auspices of the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC). The three northern regions have regional nutrition MSPs, and plans are in place to roll-out the MSPs to all regions and districts. All SUN Networks, except a Business Network – which is currently being established – are up and running, including the recently revived SUN Donor Network. A priority for the period ahead is to form a media network. The appointment of nutrition champions, including the Minister for Gender, Children and Social Protection and the Chief of Staff in the Office of the President, is currently being discussed.

Last updated: November 2017

2015
The Cross Sectoral Planning Group (CSPG), a well structured multi-sectoral platform (MSP), is in place with support from six technical working groups, each with Terms of Reference. These groups include representation from key government, United Nations (UN), civil society organisation (CSO), academia, business and donor networks.
The Business Network is not yet fully operational, however, the private sector continues to be engaged by different stakeholders in their programmes. There is on-going work by the CPSG to engage parliamentarians. Government agencies, in collaboration with a number of UN organisations, development partners and CSOs are engaging more directly with regional and district level players in Ghana’s three Northern regions.

New members, particularly from nutrition-sensitive government ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) have played a more active role in CSPGs activities over the last year.

Opportunities are available to strengthen communication between members of the CSPG and the six technical working groups. CSPG is in the process of strengthening coordination with a number of measures and has developed and shared a roadmap as a basis for aligning actions.

The capacity building working group of the CSPG has initiated the development of a capacity building plan. The plan will take into consideration, various capacity assessments undertaken in the nutrition sector, including a landscape analysis on “Country Readiness to Accelerate the Reduction of Maternal and Child Under-nutrition” by WHO, a functional assessment by UNREACH among others, and capacity building objectives in sector and district nutrition scale-up plans.

The CSO platform has regular intra-network meetings with as many as 140 Non-Governmental Organisations who are committed to scaling up nutrition. The CSOs have also documented the nutrition governance coordination mechanism in Ghana.

Media advocacy is very strong with regular programming on radio, television and mobile phones. CSOs have also begun engaging parliamentarians to raise the importance of nutrition.

Last updated: October 2015

A long-term Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) Strategy has been developed, which will be used to review the draft National Nutrition Policy. Pro-nutrition legal frameworks have been put in place to cover areas such as the marketing of breast-milk substitutes, although their enforcement is deemed weak. Maternity protection laws have also been enacted, with advocacy taking place for the extension of maternal and parental leave. Efforts are underway to develop a nutrition planning manual to enhance the capacity of sectors and districts for nutrition planning.

Last updated: November 2017

2015
Ghana has completed its first multi-sectoral national nutrition policy (NNP).
This policy is currently being translated into a national nutrition scale up plan with all sectors being asked to scale up nutrition in their development plans by aligning to the policy objectives and policy measures. A number of sector policies and strategies and plans have since been reviewed and updated to align with the NNP. UN agencies are providing financial and technical support for this.
There is still a need to ensure legal coherence as certain laws (food fortification, baby foods, salt iodisation and other food standards) may need to be amended or legislative instruments developed to assist with the smooth implementation of the nutrition policy and national nutrition scale up plan.

Last updated: October 2015

Nutrition is a key component of the Government’s medium-term development policy framework (2018-2021). A matrix of policy objectives and strategies – with roles and responsibilities – has been developed, with a common results framework (CRF) that will be used to track progress of its implementation. National annual progress reports of the medium-term development policy framework will track progress of nutrition indicators. The SUN Donor Network developed a mapping framework of its members’ programmes in March 2017

Last updated: November 2017]

2015
Some sectors have completed their plans and are awaiting full consolidation. Others are also being assisted to align their plans to the NNP. Ghana continues to build inter-sector dialogues on nutrition including nutrition-education, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)-nutrition and nutrition-social protection.
A draft common results framework (CRF) is in place, whilst the development of an M&E plan has been initiated. CSOs are in the process of aligning to the national nutrition scale up plan. The UN has provided technical and financial support to the multi-sector nutrition planning process at national and sub-national levels and for key nutrition relevant sectors, such as, Health, Agriculture, Social Protection, WASH, and Education.

Last updated: October 2015

A tracking of nutrition spending has been done for 2014 and 2015, but not yet completed for 2016. Financial data gaps for some sectors still prevail,as is the case for off-budget donor expenditures. The low conversion of pledges to disbursements, both domestically and from external sources, is a challenge for the SUN Movement in Ghana. The current planning processes at district and sectoral levels will bring about costed plans to support resource mobilisation and advocacy for increased financial resources amongst parliamentarians and other politicians. The setting up of a nutrition sector working group as part of Ghana’s architecture for development cooperation will also help streamline nutrition spending and ensure activities are in line with government priorities.

Last updated: November 2017

2015
Ghana has begun developing an expenditure tracking system. A draft framework (tracking system) still needs to be populated. The planning and costing process is on-going.
The on-going budget tracking exercise, planning and costing processes and development of the funding scenarios are all part of government efforts towards resource mobilisation. This includes assessing the financial requirements needed to scale up, advocate for and mobilise the necessary resources as well as to track the allocations and expenditures made for nutrition-related programmes. Ghana is also developing a resource mobilisation strategy to secure sustainable funding for the national nutrition scale up plan. The process of tagging nutrition sensitive programmes within the country’s financial system is on-going. This will complement the Appropriation Act which seeks to ensure continued Government multi-year funding for nutrition.

The UN system continues to play a technical and financial role in supporting government through the UNDAF. CSO’s also play a supportive role in lobbying parliamentarians to provide more funding to nutrition.

Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

Agyeman Badu Akosa
Profressor National Development and Planning Commission (under the Vice President's office)

Donor Convenor

  • USAID