On 7 December 2010, the Republic of Guatemala joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from the Vice Minister of Health. At the time, Guatemala’s National System for Food Security and Nutrition in Guatemala was recognized as a model for multi-sector, multi-stakeholder food and nutrition security governance in the Latin American region and political commitment to nutrition was coming from the highest possible level. In 2012, as part of his “National Agenda for Change” President Otto Perez Molina vowed to tackle malnutrition through his National Zero Hunger Pact. Under this Pact, the President had committed to reducing chronic malnutrition in children under five years of age by 10 percent before the end of his Presidential tenure. The Zero Hunger Plan had been presented to finance departments of all line ministries in an effort to secure their focused consideration when budgeting and planning results for improved nutrition.

Strategic Processes for Scaling Up Nutrition

The National Council for Food Security and Nutrition is the body for management and making political decisions; it is presided over by the Vice President. The Council is made up of eight Ministries, three central government secretariats, one municipal entity, five civil society representatives and two business sector representatives. The Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (SESAN) coordinates the actions of the different stakeholders and institutions involved; the Citizen Consultation and Participation body comprises representatives from 10 sectors from civil society, while the Institutional Support Group coordinates the technical, financial and operational support for the international cooperation. The multi-stakeholder platform of the SUN Movement offers an opportunity for technical coordination. SESAN and five Government ministries are involved in the platform, as well as representatives from United Nations agencies, academia, donors, civil society and the private sector. The private sector Alliance for Nutrition is made up of 23 organisations from the business world and civil society; it coordinates efforts to implement actions for the 1000 day Window. The United Nations agencies, embassies and donors on the ground in the country are part of the Roundtable of Partners in Nutrition and Food Security and Rural Development that seeks to harmonise actions with national priorities.

Last updated: October 2015

The Plan for the Zero Hunger Pact is the Common Results Framework and is the technical and operational instrument for managing resources and coordinating actions with the private sector, civil society and partners/donors. The Plan includes guidelines set down in the ENRDC and the Thousand-Day Window, which are reflected in three types of action: direct actions, viability and sustainability actions and cross-cutting actions. The interventions have mainly been focused on 166 priority municipalities.
The Alliance for Nutrition has aligned its actions within the framework of the Thousand-Day Window in 460 communities, which link together aspects of communication, awareness-raising and food fortification. The Alliance, in coordination with the Government, is designing a logistics model for the distribution and delivery of supplies and medication to health posts.

Last updated: October 2015

Since 2012, Guatemala has implemented an integrated accounting system to allow online viewing of the use of resources in real-time. In 2013, the Ministry of Health introduced a theme-based classification system for budget planning for the 13 main actions directed at preventing chronic undernutrition.

To monitor the progress of the PPHO’s physical goals and the decentralised expenses, SESAN defined 106 indicators and coordinated all the monitoring systems in SIMON. The Alliance for Nutrition conducts user surveys to ensure regular monitoring of services related to the Thousand-Day Window.

The National Statistics Institute carries out annual monitoring and impact assessment surveys on the PPHO, in coordination with SESAN, and provides technical support to the International Research Institute on Food Policies.

Last updated: October 2015

Key Figures

Under Five Stunting 48.0%
Low Birth Weight 11.4%
0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding 49.6%
Under Five Wasting 1.1%
Under Five Overweight 4.9%
Woman Anaemia 15-49 years 25.7%

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“Consensus achieved around cost-effective interventions to fight malnutrition together with the need to scale them up at national level -as promoted by SUN- have enormously benefitted the roll out of a [National] Zero Hunger Plan. The participation of Guatemala into SUN movement contributed to generate consensus on what needs to be done to fight child chronic malnutrition. Our challenge now is to make it happen at national level, with millions of mothers and children.”

Mr. Luis Enrique Monterroso, Secretary of the Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (SESAN) (August 2012)

SUN Government Focal Point

  • German Gonzalez
  • Secretary of the Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (SESAN)

Donor Conveners

  • WFP
  • IADB