Haiti

On 11 June 2012, the Republic of Haiti joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from Madam Sophia Martelly, the First Lady of the Republic of Haiti. At the time, Haiti had established a national strategic framework to fight hunger and malnutrition, known as ABA GRANGOU. The framework was launched by the President Michel Martelly and involves nine ministries and multiple stakeholder groups. The national-level Commission for the Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition (COLFAM) is responsible for the strategic direction of the ABA GRANGOU and is chaired by the First Lady. The National Coordination Unit of ABA GRANGOU (UNAG) is responsible for execution and coordination of the activities set out in this national framework. Emergencies are recurrent in Haiti, often jeopardizing potential gains in the fight against malnutrition. Because of this, Haiti is looking for ways to ensure that emergency response and preparedness are fully integrated into their approach to tackling malnutrition.

Progress

Bringing people together
0% 2016

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
0% 2016

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
0% 2016

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
0% 2016

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

Nutrition situation

21.9%

Under Five Stunting

19.1%

Low Birth Weight

39.7%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

5.2%

Under Five Wasting

3.6%

Under Five Overweight

37.1%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

6.9%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

38.5%

Adult Overweight

11.9%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

The mandate of the National Commission to Combat Hunger and Malnutrition (COLFAM), which was previously responsible for the strategic guidance of the national strategic network against hunger and malnutrition (ABA GRANGOU), was not renewed when it expired in 2014. This structure, presided over by the First Lady of Haiti, consisted of representatives of the President’s Cabinet, the Prime Minister, associated ministries and Parliament.
In parallel, there are government-led coordination groups: the Nutrition Technical Committee (CTN) and a Food and Nutritional Security Technical Group (GTSAN) involving representatives of the Government, donors and various key stakeholders. A national research platform has been created with the support of Harvest Plus, bringing together three ministries (agriculture, sustainable development and national education). The Ministry of Public Health and the Population is expected to be associated with it.

Over a dozen meetings have been arranged with members of civil society. The network of health and nutrition journalists of WHO and UNICEF, launched with Brazil’s support, is still active. The REACH mechanism, introduced at the start of 2015, is also currently in the process of defining its scope for intervention.

Last updated: October 2015

Haiti has an up-to-date national nutritional policy and a Strategic Nutrition Plan (2013-2018), and the new UNICEF nutrition strategy 2014-2017 is aligned to these. A communications plan has been finalised and shared with the SUN Movement Secretariat.
The Economic and Social Development Council (CDES), which is answerable to the President’s Office, is currently writing a document on the National Policy for Food and Nutritional Sovereignty and Security. A law on food fortification was voted on by the Senate in 2014-2015 and is due to be approved by the members of parliament.
Last updated: October 2015

A new national food and nutritional security plan which will run until 2025 is being drafted under the leadership of the National Coordination for Food Security (CNSA), as part of a participatory approach and drawing upon existing documents and 15 measures proposed by the Price Stabilization Committee.
An agricultural recovery plan drawn up by the Ministry of Agriculture is the Government’s main development focus, but the promotion of local food products and their importance for good nutrition could be reflected better in the programme on purchasing local agricultural products. The concept of “public health agriculture” has been advanced in a number of projects.

In May 2015, the Ministry of Public Health and the Population prioritised iodised salt production, with the support of USAID and via UNICEF, and this is now available in 10 health departments.

A task force involving the Ministry of National Education, Canada and the World Bank is working on a School Canteens Policy, which will incorporate the lessons learned from the evaluation under way, conducted by PAM, on school meals. This assessment concerns school canteens, micronutrient supplements and capacity building. In parallel, a programme, headed up and supported by the office of the First Lady and the Ministry of Public Health and the Population, has been launched to improve sanitation in schools.

Lastly, a new project for social protection aiming to reduce food insecurity and poverty, with a strong emphasis on nutrition, has been promoted by a consortium of CARE, PAM and ACF (funding by USAID).

Last updated: October 2015

The Government’s budget line for nutrition, created in 2013, has not been supplied. no funding was given for nutrition between 2012 and 2014. It is a priority to mobilise external financial resources above and beyond emergency funds; the preparation of the European Development Fund is a window of opportunity.
Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

Joseline Marhone Pierre
Director of Nutrition Ministry of Health and Population

Donor Convenor

  • UNICEF