Kyrgyzstan

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On 7 December 2011, the Kyrgyzstan joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from Mr. S. T. Abdikarimov, the Deputy Minister of Health. At the time, Kyrgyzstan had established the Food Security Council, a consultative body formed by the Government to make decisions regarding the stable and uninterrupted provision of food and measures aimed at improved food quality. The co-chairs were the Minister of Agriculture and Minister of Internal Affairs and the council included representation from a broad range of government ministries.

Progress

Bringing people together
46% 2016

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
58% 2016

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
38% 2016

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
25% 2016

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

TOTAL
42% 2016

TOTAL

Nutrition situation

12.9%

Under Five Stunting

5.9%

Low Birth Weight

41.1%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

2.8%

Under Five Wasting

7%

Under Five Overweight

35%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

8.6%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

47.2%

Adult Overweight

14.4%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

Following the formalisation of the Multi-Sectoral Platform (MSP), in October 2015 nutrition champions were appointed, including the First Lady, who leads the academia group. The Civil Society Alliance, the UN Network and the Business Network were established between 2014 and 2016. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed by the Networks, including Parliamentarians, during the Forum on Food Security and Nutrition, held on 20 June 2016. The Food Security Council of the Kyrgyz Republic, the advisory body of the Government, chaired by the Vice Prime Minister, was established to make operational decisions on the stable provision of food and to improve nutrition in the country. It is planned to form a Secretariat on Food Security and Nutrition, to be based at the Ministry of
Agriculture, Food Industry and Melioration.

Last updated: December 2016

2015

The Kyrgyz Republic has received the government’s commitment for nutrition at the highest level and has made significant progress in bringing different stakeholders together. Institutions such as the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agriculture and Melioration, the Kyrgyz Association of Salt Producers, Association of Millers, the Association of Village Health Committees as well as the National Centre on Mother and Child Health are currently working to improve nutrition amongst the population.
A multi-sectoral platform is yet to be institutionalised although development partners are working effectively together to develop coordination mechanisms in cooperation with other networks.

In comparison to the previous year, the participation of multiple stakeholders has increased significantly, in particular an increase in members from civil society and academia. Politicians at the executive level have been engaged and regional representatives are involved in the different processes. However, there is a need to decentralise the coordination structure to regional and provincial levels. The absence of an advocacy and communication strategy is a challenge if there is to be stronger progress in influencing relevant policy and decision makers to allocate resources for nutrition.

The Civil Society Network has been established, while efforts are underway to establish academia and business networks. The regulation for the Civil Society Alliance had been approved and a governing body elected. The Civil Society Alliance has accelerated its advocacy efforts and has brought together more than 40 non-commercial organisations and individuals across the country. The mapping of civil society and non-commercial organisations is in progress (65% completed).

Last updated: October 2015

SUN Networks drafted and discussed the strategy for the Multi-Sectoral Platform, which will be finalised with the technical assistance of SUN Movement Secretariat. The Republic Health Promotion Centre has prepared a nutrition communication strategy. The Parliament has held a special session on flour fortification. An interagency working group has drafted a resolution on the “Implementation of the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic on Flour Fortification”. UNICEF, UNFPA and the National Statistics Committee has undertaken a Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey to assess undernutrition.

Last updated: December 2016

2015

Nutrition has been mainstreamed into multiple sectoral policies and programs including the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Melioration and Ministry of Social Development. Analysis of existing strategies, policies and regulatory frameworks and mapping of programs and projects is ongoing in collaboration with stakeholders. An analysis of coordination mechanisms with business structures is being carried out.
Joint efforts of state authorities, international organisations and civil society has led to the adoption of Law # 54 on ‘Insertion of Amendments and Additions to the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic ‘On Fortification of Baking Flour’ of March 12, 2015. A draft decree of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic ‘On Fortification of Baking Flour’ is being finalised. The State Program on Food Security and Nutrition that covers the four pillars of food security has been developed. One of the successes in advocacy efforts is the inclusion of nutrition into the Programme of Social Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic (2015-2017).
Last updated: October 2015

The Food Security and Nutrition Programme for 2015-17 and its operational plan were approved by a Government Decree in September 2015. A functional analysis of food security and nutrition coordination mechanisms was completed and presented during the Forum on Food Security and Nutrition in June 2016. WFP has prepared a Food Security Atlas, which contains measurable nutrition indicators. The planning process for the 2018-2022 Food Security and Nutrition Programme has been recently launched and will be aligned with the SUN Movement Strategy and Roadmap (2016-20). A Kyrgyz case study will be presented at the Global Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative Congress in October 2016.

Last updated: December 2016

2015

The Food Security and Nutrition Program is under consideration by the Government. Once endorsed, it will serve as the Common Results Framework (CRF). It outlines the responsibilities of sectors to implement priority nutrition interventions.
The Ministry of Health is implementing several nutritionspecific interventions which includes the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding for children under 6 months, nutrition for pregnant and lactating women, promotion of salt iodisation and flour fortification. There is also room for improvement in growth monitoring by the Ministry of Health.

Legislation for nutrition is available but effective implementation is required.

The Kyrgyz Republic recognises that nutrition information systems need to be strengthened for more effective evidence-based programing.

Last updated: October 2015

Costing of the Food Security Programme was carried out in 2014-15 and, as a result, a financial gap of 44.7 per cent has been identified. Although there is a sectoral budget forecast for different nutrition and food security programmes, there is no long-term, sustainable resource mobilisation strategy in place. The Kyrgyz Republic participated in the SUN public financing workshop held in Bangkok in May 2016, and further analysis of the national budget for nutrition is in the pipeline. There is no consistent approach in preparing the budget and financing for activities of government agencies.

Last updated: December 2016

2015

The Food Security and Nutrition Program will serve as the road map for implementation of nutrition interventions, however, current resources for implementation are limited. The Program will primarily be funded through the state budget and complimented by external support.
Reports on state budget expenditures are available, however, regular financial and audit reports on nutrition related programs are not available. Funding for nutrition is not on the national priority agenda. To ensure sustainable funding for nutrition, a long-term resource mobilisation strategy in line with National Food Security & Nutrition Program is needed.
Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

Kaliev Marat Temirbekovich
Deputy Minister of Health Ministry of Health

Donor Convenor

  • UNICEF
  • World Bank