Mauritania

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On 19 May 2011, the Islamic republic of Mauritania joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from the Minister of Economic Affairs and Development. At the time, had established a multi-stakeholder, multi-sector platform on nutrition, the Permanent Technical Committee (CTP). The committee was put in place under the framework of the National Nutrition Development Council (CNDN) created in 2010 as the convening body. The inter-sectoral Action Plan on Nutrition (PAIN) sought to ensure that nutrition and food security gained attention from all relevant ministries and stakeholders.

Progress

Bringing people together
63% 2016

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
60% 2016

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
50% 2016

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
28% 2016

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

TOTAL
50% 2016

TOTAL

Nutrition situation

22%

Under Five Stunting

34.7%

Low Birth Weight

26.9%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

11.6%

Under Five Wasting

1.2%

Under Five Overweight

39%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

6.7%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

30.3%

Adult Overweight

9.7%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

In 2010, before Mauritania joined the SUN Movement, the National nutrition development council (CNDN) was established by Prime Ministerial Decree, an interministerial platform supported by a permanent multi-player Technical
committee. Today, although the latter does meet, the CNDN is not yet operational. Furthermore, the civil society and United Nations networks have been established but the lack of active donors in the area of nutrition is a recurring challenge. Since 2014, seven regional multisectoral commissions on nutrition have been supported by civil society.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The multi-stakeholder and multi-sectoral platform is the National Nutrition Development Council (CNDN), which was established in 2010 and has support from a permanent technical committee. The Government focal point is the Director General of Economic Policy and Development Strategies for the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Development. These structures bring together all the ministries that play a role in nutrition, the United Nations, NGOs and the private sector, but donors are not represented there for the moment. Three regions have recently set up ‘Coordination commissions for the Development of Nutrition’. These are responsible for providing guidance, coordinating and tracking nutrition actions. This brings the number of these structures to seven in total for the 15 regions across the country.
Despite the steps taken by the government, the donors and the private sector have not been organised into a network yet. The costs associated with the presence of a REACH facilitator (since 2008) are now taken on by the Government, and nutrition has been included in the planning document for UN agencies (UNDAF). The country is working on bringing together civil society stakeholders to improve the structure of their actions. The establishment of dedicated networks would help to improve the platform’s results and ensure better participation among stakeholders.

Last updated: October 2015

Nutrition appears in the development plan (SCAPP 2016/2020), in the process of being drafted, and the National health development plan. The creation of nutrition directorates at the Ministry of Education and the Food security commissariat will facilitate its sectoral integration. The fortification of foods and iodation of salt are compulsory (a decree will be adopted creating an alliance for the fortification). However, the Code on breast milk substitutes is not being transcribed and mechanisms are needed that guarantee the laws are correctly applied.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The regulatory framework for nutrition includes fortification of oil and flour, universal iodisation of salt, an infant and young child feeding strategy, the promotion of maternal leave and the National Communication Strategy for Changing Behaviours. A draft of the Code of Marketing Breast-Milk Substitutes is being studied. There has been a national nutrition development policy since 2006, which has given rise to a strategy for social mobilisation, advocacy and communication, which would warrant being updated, and a national protocol for comprehensive handling of acute malnutrition (PCIMA).
National and sectoral policies and strategies in most key sectors, such as agriculture and food security, poverty reduction, public health and social protection, take nutrition into account. They have been updated and are long-term, up to 2020. Finalising directives on integrating nutrition into sectoral policies should enhance their effectiveness.

Last updated: October 2015

In May 2016, the 2016-2025 National strategic multisectoral plan (PSMN) – including a common results framework which will be the reference document in matters of nutrition – was technically validated during a workshop attended by the ministerial departments and key partners. The common results framework will serve as a basis for stakeholders’ annual action plans. It should be noted that the water and sanitation sector is increasingly committed to the total sanitation strategy piloted by the communities.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The priority identified by Mauritania for 2015 is to finalise the Intersectoral Action Plan on Nutrition (PAIN) by incorporating the observations of the various sectors. This will allow 2015-2020 PAIN to include some sectoral interventions which contribute to nutrition, to specify their timing and to include a follow-up and evaluation system and capacity-building activities. Once it has been finalised, it needs to be validated and costed in order to serve as a common results framework. The need for increased coherence between programmes, funding difficulties and the lack of qualified human resources have been identified as the main challenges that PAIN needs to overcome. It should be noted that some components of PAIN have been partially implemented.
The programmes under way are harmonised with the national nutrition policy and are nutrition-specific or contribute to nutrition (via social protection, water, sanitation and hygiene).

Last updated: October 2015

Resources have not yet been estimated for the PSMN, but this is a priority for 2016-2017. Thanks to the 2013 to 2016 budget allocation monitoring
process, however, the country has an overview of the breakdown of sectoral allocations contributing to improving nutrition. These are also mainly
the technical directorates (Food security commissariat, national nutrition programme, Emel food programmes) and state projects benefiting from allocations contributing to nutrition.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
Most participants wish for a specific budget line to be created for nutrition within the State’s budget and for a mechanism to be put in place which tracks expenses by sector. The regional workshop on the follow-up of budget allocations for nutrition has allowed dialogue to be initiated with various government sectors.
Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

Yahya Ould Abd Dayem
Director General of Economic Policies and Developmental Strategies CNDN (Conseil National de Développement de la Nutrition)

Donor Convenor

  • TBC