On the 31 August 2011, the Republic of Mozambique joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from Dr. Nazira Carimo Vali Abdula, the Vice Minister of Health. At the time, Mozambique had included the reduction of chronic undernutrition in the objectives and priorities of the Governments Five Year Plan (2010 – 2014) and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (2011 – 2014) where chronic malnutrition is identified as an impact indicator. Mozambique had also adopted the “Multi-sectoral Action Plan for the Reduction of Chronic Undernutrition” which is coordinated with a multi-sectoral approach coordinated by the Technical Secretariat for Food and Nutrition Security (SETSAN) and a Nutrition Partners Forum that coordinates support to the government.
Strategic Processes for Scaling Up Nutrition
- Bringing people together
- Coherent policy and legal framework
- Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
- Financial tracking and resource mobilization
The President of Mozambique is a member of the SUN Lead Group. While Mozambique has not designated a highlevel convening body for nutrition, the SUN Government Focal Point Coordinates the Technical Secretariat for Food and Nutrition Security – SETSAN. The focal point also reports to the Council of Ministers twice a year on the progress of the implementation of the National Multi-sectoral Action Plan to reduce Chronic Under-nutrition (PAMRDC) 2011-2015. The plan includes concrete recommendations that are to be implemented by relevant sectors.
SETSAN, the coordinating body for nutrition under the Ministry of Agriculture, has a technical role and facilitates the monthly meetings of the Technical Group for a Multi-sectoral Action Plan to reduce Chronic Malnutrition (GT-PAMRDC). The GT-PAMRDC includes representatives from nine ministries (Health, Agriculture, Women and Social Action, Education, Public Works, Industry and Commerce, Planning, Finance, Youth), UN agencies, donors and civil society. Discussions are ongoing to include the private sector in the group. SETSAN officially launched SUN in August of 2013 with eight technicians and now capacities have expanded to 26.
UN REACH fosters coordination among UN agencies. The Nutrition Partners Forum, hosted by SUN donor conveners – UNICEF and DANIDA– coordinates donors. The Civil Society Alliance, hosted by the Nutrition and Food Security Association (ANSA) was established in December 2013.
SETSAN led a retreat in April 2014 to strategically think about ways to influence or mainstream nutrition further in sectoral plans of agriculture, trade, or education sectors (including into the Sectoral Social and Economic annual Plan). The National Investment Plan for the Agriculture Sector (PNISA) launched in 2013 includes a chapter on food security and nutrition. A National Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes is in place. A ministerial decree on salt iodization was approved in 2000. The National Food Fortification Program was launched in 2013 and legislation on food fortification has been drafted and is presently under review, including oil fortification. Work is underway to create food standards related to high sugar, salt and fat. Finally, a National Advocacy and Communications Strategy focusing on nutrition chronic diseases was finalized in May 2013 and activities will be rolled out in 2014.
The PAMRDC which serves as the country’s common results framework was approved by the Council of Ministers in 2010 and is being decentralized with 4 provincial plans approved so far. It focuses on adolescents, children under two and pregnant women, with nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive activities. It was first revised in August 2013 to refine realistic indicators and goals to enable the measurement of each sector contribution to nutrition by the end of the year, had ensured nutrition interventions were included in the social and economic plans implemented by different sectors. Identification of priority interventions based on priority indicators is ongoing. Mapping of nutrition interventions is also underway, with the support from REACH. A monitoring and evaluation system is yet to be developed.
Although the PAMRDC was costed in 2010, SETSAN feels it has the capacity to intensify ongoing efforts to reach more ambitious goals in financial tracking and mobilization. No information on national investments is available and neither government nor donors have direct lines for nutrition. A strategy to measure the degree of implementation of financial commitments among sectors is felt necessary. Fragmentation in financing of programs on the ground remains and no system exists to reconcile costs estimates with national investments and external contributions. Some steps have been taken to improve financial tracking. One of them is the Public Expenditure Review which started in August 2013. The government is making efforts to mobilize resources and several partners are allocating resources to implement the multi-sectoral nutrition plan. Nutrition interventions are increasingly being included in the Social & Economic Plan and being funded by the State budget. Donors like DANIDA are proposing innovative funding mechanisms that can help implement national and provincial level interventions – including provincial nutrition plans – and are supporting Government expenditure tracking by using the national public financial management system. A resource mobilization strategy has been elaborated.
Last updated: September 2014