Myanmar

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On 24 April 2013, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from HE Pe Thet Khin, the Union Minister of the Ministry of Health at an official signing ceremony. At the time, Myanmar had established a National Plan of Action in Food and Nutrition (NPAFN) which was developed in accordance with commitments made at the International Conference on Nutrition (1992). The National Nutrition Centre in the Department of Health, whose main partner was UNICEF, was working in collaboration with relevant ministries and the Myanmar Nutrition Technical Network. Reducing undernutrition was also identified as the backbone of the poverty alleviation strategy launched by HE Thein Sein, the President of Myanmar.

Progress

Bringing people together
34% 2017

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
62% 2017

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
43% 2017

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
19% 2017

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

TOTAL
40% 2017

TOTAL

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Nutrition situation

29.2%

Under Five Stunting

8.6%

Low Birth Weight

51%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

7%

Under Five Wasting

1.3%

Under Five Overweight

47%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

7.1%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

17.6%

Adult Overweight

2.9%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

The multi-stakeholder platform (MSP) in Myanmar holds quarterly meetings and has terms of reference and workplans in place since 2016. The MSP was expanded in 2016-2017, with new partners including the Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT), the Three Millennium Development Goal (MDG3) Fund and the World Bank. Plans are in motion to engage the private sector. In January 2017, a highlevel inter-ministerial nutrition coordination committee was created by the State Counsellor and mandated the convening body to report to the National Development Assistance Coordination Unit (DACU). Engagement with parliamentarians has begun at the national, in the State of Kayin and in the Magway region.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
Myanmar’s Multi-Stakeholder Platform (MSP) continues to bring together governmental nutrition-specific and sensitive sectors, along with civil society organisations, UN agencies and donors. A Presidential-level coordination committee, the Myanmar National Committee on Food and Nutrition Security has been proposed to the new Government to ensure better linkages with the Platform. The new Government had placed nutrition as the top agenda in its election campaign manifesto and development partners have intensified efforts to advocate for nutrition through several briefs to the new leadership on the importance of nutrition as an economic and social development issue.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The multi-stakeholder platform (MSP) for the SUN Movement in Myanmar brings together the national coordinating platforms such as the Central Board for Food and Nutrition (CBFN), National Nutrition Centre (NNC), sub-national nutrition coordination mechanisms and other non-governmental actors (United Nations (UN) agencies, civil society organisations, development partners and the private sector).

The NNC has strengthened engagement and dialogue with other key actors, e.g. Food Drug Administration, the Attorney General Office and Myanmar Nutrition Technical Network (MNTN). The Myanmar National Committee on Food and Nutrition Security (NCFNS) has been recently established by the President as the country strives to eradicate hunger and malnutrition. The new architecture of NCFNS presents an opportunity for sustained impact of the MSP by integrating and elevating ongoing initiatives in the country.

The UN Network is chaired by UNICEF and is working towards strengthening UN coherence on nutrition. Plans are underway for a UN REACH partnership with the Government in August 2015.

The United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) is the nominated donor convenor and along with other key donors, are part of multi-donor funding mechanisms. There is bilateral engagement with the private sector and plans with the government to launch the Myanmar SUN Business Network in 2015. The Civil Society Alliance (CSA) was launched in early 2014 and has steadily increased membership with local organisations and have increased media engagement in nutrition.

Last updated: October 2015

A nutrition stocktaking exercise has reviewed all nutrition-relevant policies and strategies at the national and sectoral level, identified 20 core nutrition actions, and examined their implementation. These results will influence decision-making, with a high-level forum planned in late 2017. Advocacy efforts by the MSP have commenced, as part of the stocktaking exercise, to fully align the Myanmar Agriculture Policy with national nutrition priorities. A technical working group has been established as the national body to put in place and oversee the national monitoring and enforcement system for the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
The National Plan of Action for Food and Nutrition (NPAFN), which is currently being revised, will serve as a Ministerial guide for strategies and action plans aiming to mainstream nutrition into sectoral policies. The National Action Plan for Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development through Agriculture is currently being reviewed with the aim of increasing its focus on nutrition. The development of the Myanmar National Action Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (MNAPFNS), currently at a draft stage, can be seen as a strategy for strengthening the agricultural sector, food and energy security, and nutritious food production.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The National Plan of Action on Food and Nutrition (NPAFN) (2011-2015) has been reviewed by the NCFNS to inform the development of a new multisectoral national plan. The new National Social Protection Strategy Plan endorsed by the President prioritises nutrition and includes provision for women and children. Nutrition is also emphasised in the National Comprehensive Development Plan (NDCP 2011-2030) and the National Strategic Plan for the Advancement of Women (NSPAW 2013 – 2022). The Order of Marketing of Formulated Food for Infants and Young Children under the National Food Law has been endorsed and since March 2014, maternity leave has been extended up to six months for working mothers in public sector. In addition, if both the parents are government employees, there is also provision for 2 weeks of paternity leave.

Last updated: October 2015

Plans are underway to update the National Nutrition Agenda – or the National Plan of Action for Food and Nutrition (NPAFN) 2011-2016, which serves as the national ministerial guide for strategies and action plans for mainstreaming nutrition into sectoral policies is planned. The Myanmar National Action Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (MNAPFNS) will be used as a reference to develop the new costed Multi-sectoral National Plan of Action for Nutrition for the next five years, with the support of the the UN Network, Donor Network and SUN Civil Society Alliance. The stocktaking exercise revealed the need to address gaps in sectoral nutrition and food security information systems and reporting mechanisms. The 2015-2016 Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (MDHS) was the first DHS conducted in the country and a detailed report was made available in March 2017.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
The development of the draft of the Myanmar National Action Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (MNAPFNS) – a response to the Zero Hunger Challenge – has included analysing multi-sectoral policies related to food and nutrition. Medium and long-term implementation objectives have been established by way of multi-stakeholder consultations. Different agencies’ approaches are aligned with relevant national strategies and information systems have been put in place in sectoral ministries and in stakeholders’ programmes.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The Secretariat of NCFNS with several line Ministries (National Planning and Economic Development; Agriculture and Irrigation; Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development; and Health) have recently developed the new multi-sectoral Myanmar National Action Plan on Food and Nutrition Security (MNAPFNS) with a 10- year vision. The MNAPFNS is the agreed Common Results Framework (CRF) for nutrition with a monitoring and evaluation framework and an agreed set of key indicators. The nutrition indicators identified by the MNAPFNS have been integrated into Myanmar Health Information System (HMIS) and early warning systems, but data accuracy and availability needs to be strengthened.

At the decentralised level, the Integrated Plan of Nutrition brings together local partners working in key sectors of health, agriculture, water sanitation, and social protection, to align actions around common nutrition sensitive targets.

Last updated: October 2015

In addition to the nutrition-specific section of the National Nutrition Agenda, nutrition components of the Ministry of Health’s recent new-born and child health strategy have been costed. However, the translation of costed plans into action with adequate budget decisions still demands effort. Although public expenditure reporting systems exist within the Government, there are systemic difficulties in accessing the public expenditure data and developing sectoral costings for nutrition. Plans are underway to coordinate the tracking and reporting of expenditures, and to link the external components with the national planning systems, under DACU.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
The nutrition-specific component of the National Plan of Action for Food and Nutrition (NPAFN has been costed. Programmatic costing for nutrition exists within the Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund and the Three Millennium Development Goal Fund. Public expenditure reporting systems exists within the Government, although a systematic tracking nutrition budgets and expenditures beyond allocations to the National Nutrition Centre is needed. Domestic funding for nutrition-specific sectors has been increasing over the past years. External funding is aiming to fill domestic funding gaps.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The NPAFN has been costed but due to delays, the data was used to support the development of the new MNAPFNS. Although, there is no formal financial tracking mechanism in place for nutrition, planning tools are being used by the Government to identify resource needs for scaling up. The establishment of a formal mechanism for partners and stakeholders to report and share their contributions and spending for scaling-up nutrition is being considered by the NCFNS. National budget allocation for nutrition supplies and health infrastructure have increased significantly in the past year. External funding is aligning to fill gaps from the government.

Multi-donor funding mechanisms include the Three Millennium Development Goal Fund (3MDG Fund) and the Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT). The Ministry of Health is now on the board of the 3MDG Fund as a step towards coordinated action.

Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

"In my new appointment as the SUN Focal person for Myanmar, I will initiate and launch the sub national Integrated Plan for Nutrition Improvement (IPNI) in coordination with SUN Network."

Dr. Soe Lwin Nyein
Director General, Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Donor Convenor

  • DFID