Niger

On 14 February 2011, the Republic of Niger joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from the Minister of Public Health. At the time, Niger was finalising its “3N” programme, les Nigériens nourrissent les Nigériens (Nigeriens Feed Nigeriens) which would run from 2012 to 2015. It was a multi-sectoral programme linking different initiatives under a common framework aiming to strengthen the agriculture sector while building resilience to food crisis and improving nutritional status. 3N was overseen by a High Commissioner and with a governance mechanism at municipal and national level.

Progress

Bringing people together
54% 2017

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
52% 2017

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
35% 2017

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
44% 2017

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

TOTAL
46% 2017

TOTAL

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Nutrition situation

43%

Under Five Stunting

27%

Low Birth Weight

23.3%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

18.7%

Under Five Wasting

3%

Under Five Overweight

46.7%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

7.5%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

19.4%

Adult Overweight

4.3%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

The ‘Nigeriens Nourish Nigeriens (3N)’ initiative, led by a high commission attached to the Office of the President, now has multi-sectoral strategic steering committees. The 3N initiative has been subject to an institutional analysis in 2017, to identify what reforms are needed to inject fresh impetus into the “food security and nutrition” group. The forthcoming monitoring framework for the nutrition operational plan will strengthen reporting and accountability across the board. At the decentralised levels, there are eight regional technical committees responsible for coordinating nutrition interventions, and 35 municipal councils have received training on nutrition assessments and planning. The academic, civil society, private sector, UN and parliamentarian networks have appointed focal points, but their functioning needs to be improved.

Last updated: November 2017

2015
The multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder committee of the Strategic Nutrition Programme (MCSP 4), with the Ministry of Public Health as the president, is the SUN platform placed under the management of the interministerial guidance committee of the 3N Initiative (Niger feeds Niger), chaired by the country’s President. MCSP 4 is supported by the secretariat. These coordination mechanisms are decentralised at the regional and local levels.
Some progress has been made with the organisation of the 3N initiative steering committee, bringing together all stakeholders. During the meeting, directives were drafted to integrate nutrition activities into other sectors.

Advocacy activities were carried out by the All United for Nutrition (TUN) collective including workshops and advocacy meetings to scale up nutrition. A network of female journalists has also been set up. The REACH initiative is involved in coordinating the United Nations network and training all the participants for their roles and responsibilities for scaling up nutrition. Civil society engages on the multi-stakeholder platform.

There is no network for private sector nutrition specialists but it is under development. These sectors are, however, organised between themselves and within the Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the private sector has made a commitment with the Alliance for food fortification.

A network of members of parliament for nutrition and food security have also been established.

There is a network of research and academic bodies which includes all nutrition researchers and educators. This has a representative in the SUN platform. This network’s terms of reference are still being defined, as well as the establishment of a formal cooperation framework between nutrition scientists and professionals.

The European Union is the designated coordinator of the donors.

Last updated: October 2015

The National Food Security Policy (PNSN) and its action plan – currently being finalised under the auspices of a secretariat and specialist sectoral working groups – was developed in an inclusive, participatory manner. The PNSN includes creating a communication strategy and an advocacy plan, and REACH has begun work in this area. The PNSN also makes provisions for the adoption of existing breast-milk substitute marketing guidelines. Efforts are ongoing to strengthen the law on food fortification. Finally, although the Economic and Social Development Plan 2017-2020 and the Action Plan for Rural Development 2016-2020 incorporate nutrition, the same rule of thumb does not apply systematically across other key sectoral policies and strategies.

Last updated: November 2017

2015
The national nutritional security policy (PNSN), with a multi-sectoral scope, is being developed. It will also have a multi-sectoral plan with budget resources.

Updated policies are in force in key sectors. The decree on the regulation of the marketing of breast-milk substitutes has been revised.

An agreement between four ministries, setting out the production, marketing and imports of salt for salt iodisation has been adopted by the Government. There have been efforts to Raise awareness about and disseminate this decree in regions to both consumers and producers.

A strategy for advocacy, communication and social mobilisation (ACSM) was developed and harmonised with the national nutrition plan.

Last updated: October 2015

The PNSN multi-sectoral action plan has been converted into an operational plan, including a common results framework. Adoption of the “Convergence Communes” approach has fostered geographical, programmatic and operational collaboration, revealing areas where there is a need for capacity-strengthening and further Government funding. The operational plan includes assessing human resource capacities and to bring in institutional reform. Work has begun on creating a national nutrition information platform this year, which should be in place in 2018.

Last updated: November 2017

2015
The multi-sectoral implementation strategic plan of the National Nutritional Security Policy will be finalised and adopted.

The roadmap for aligning the sectors and the “community convergence” approach, which advocates a holistic approach for reducing the vulnerability of the people in a given zone have yielded convincing results in terms of the harmonisation and coherence of actions carried out by the stakeholders. Niger is continuing to carry out the 3N initiative through its action plan for the period 2012-2015, which encompasses various harmonised programmes to strengthen the agricultural sector while also boosting resilience during food crises and the improvement of the population’s nutritional situation.

Activities on the ground are supervised at every level. Followup tools are available and a system is in place to monitor results. REACH helps the government to collect data and perform monitoring and evaluation.

Last updated: October 2015

Costs have already been estimated for nutrition-specific interventions in the operational plan, with the estimation process ongoing for nutrition-sensitive interventions. The inter-ministerial 3N Policy Committee monitors nutrition-related funding, but no assessment has been made of funding sustainability or effectiveness, or of existing deficits. Since 2016, some national and international malnutrition funding has been diverted to emergency response activities. An operational “profitability analysis” is currently underway to give partners and the Government greater incentive to allocate more funds and fast-track disbursement. There are also plans for a multi-year financial forecast.

Last updated: November 2017

2015
Once it has been finalised, the multi-sectoral plan should be costed, the size of the state’s commitments ascertained and funds mobilised in parallel. There is a plan to establish a commission to monitor the nutrition commitments. The government has established a budget line for purchasing therapeutic supplies in 2012 and a budget line to support vitamin A supplements for children of between 6 and 59 months and for deworming in 2014. The first line increased from 500 million FCFA in 2013 to 537 million FCFA in 2014.

Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

Dr. Nassirou Ousmane
Director of Nutrition, Ministry of Health

Donor Convenor

  • European Union