SUN Focal Point
Juan Pablo Silva

SUN Government Focal Point, Juan Pablo Silva, Vice Minister of Policy and Social Evaluation in the Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion, discusses progress and opportunities for the future of his country through Scaling Up Nutrition

Video Transcript ▶

Peru signaled its commitment to join the SUN Movement on 19 November 2010.

The Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion was established in October 2011, providing a significant boost to the country’s approach to nutrition governance. It has two main functions (i) to implement five major social programmes to address social exclusion, vulnerability and poverty; (ii) to ensure inter-sectoral coordination for the implementation of the National Development and Social Inclusion System. The latter is the direct responsibility of the Vice Minister of Policy and Social Evaluation who is also the SUN country Focal Point. In 2012, national guidelines to reduce child malnutrition were approved by the government.

The national “Grow” (CRECER) strategy, led by the Ministry for Development and Social Inclusion (MIDIS) started in 2007 and established a system of geographical targeting of interventions and coordination across programmes to fight malnutrition, and acts as the common results framework for nutrition. The Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion has built upon its Growth Strategy and established the ‘Inclusive Growth’ Strategy (CRECER PARA INCLUIR) to further emphasise the social inclusion component of the original strategy. Five major social programmes under CRECER PARA INCLUIR along with the Comprehensive Health Insurance System together are the main vehicles for addressing child malnutrition. These are complemented by programmes focusing on food security and water, and sanitation and hygiene (WASH).

A number of Ministries have recently signed a “National Agreement for Coordinated Action against Child Malnutrition” establishing (i) an inter-Ministerial strategy, (ii) effective interventions to reduce child malnutrition and districts that should be prioritised in the strategy and (iii) a multiannual budgetary commitment for nutrition. Regional Presidents of the National Assembly of Regional Governments (ANGR) have also endorsed a National Joint Commitment to Combat Child Malnutrition, pledging to focus on the eradication of child malnutrition as a key priority of their social agenda. These declarations are significant as they represent commitment to coordinate and implement key actions for tackling both the direct and underlying determinants of undernutrition at both the national and regional levels.

An annual budget of USD 1.1 billion for nutrition has been allocated by the government. In addition, there is a multi-annual budgetary commitment to increase or at least maintain the financial resources associated to reduce and prevent children´s chronic malnutrition.

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    Priorities & Opportunities

    Priorities for scaling up nutrition in Peru include securing the reduction of chronic malnutrition as a key social policy objective; promotion of the recently-launched Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion guidelines; and the improvement of inter-governmental and inter-sectoral coordination in order to obtain better results for nutrition.

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    Progress & Impact

    Governments of SUN Countries are putting four processes into place to scale up nutrition and are tracking impact towards achievement of outcomes.

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    Statistics

    Among children under five years in Peru, 18.8% are stunted, 0.6% are wasted, while 9.8% are overweight; and 6.9% of infants are born with low birth weight.

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Photo Credits (left to right): © UNICEF/Balaguer (1,2); © UNICEF/Markisz (3)
Data Source: Demographic and Health Survey for Peru, 2012

“Working for early childhood is the best investment a country can undertake in that it helps the development of children in a key stage of their life. It is about eliminating barriers that poverty imposes on people’s opportunities. Investing in early childhood is fundamentally an issue of rights. This is a firm commitment of President Humala, this is my personal commitment. As part of this commitment I accepted the invitation to participate into the SUN Movement under the auspices of the UN Secretary General, as it just seeks better prospects for our children. This is not only us fighting against malnutrition. This is a collective struggle, a global effort.”

Nadine Heredia, First Lady of Peru

(Inagural Speech, First International Meeting of the ‘Red Hemisférica de Parlamentarios y ex Parlamentarios por la Primera Infancia,' LIMA Perú, August 2012)

SUN Government Focal Point

Ariela Luna

Vice Minister of Policy and Social Evaluation

Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion

Donor Convener

The World Bank