Senegal

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On 6 June 2011, the Republic of Senegal joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from the Prime Minister. At the time, Senegal had established the “Cellule de Lutte contre la Malnutrition” (CLM) which was housed in the Office of the President and was coordinating all nutrition relevant projects and overseeing policy implementation. The CLM had prepared a National Nutrition Policy and Five Yearly Strategic Plan. In addition, the National Agricultural Investment Program (2011 – 2015) focuses on poverty reduction and integrates impact indicators on food security and nutrition.

Progress

Bringing people together
68% 2017

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
75% 2017

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
71% 2017

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
61% 2017

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

TOTAL
69% 2017

TOTAL

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Nutrition situation

20.5%

Under Five Stunting

18.6%

Low Birth Weight

33.3%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

7.8%

Under Five Wasting

1%

Under Five Overweight

57.5%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

9.1%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

30.2%

Adult Overweight

9.8%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

An institutional analysis of the Fighting Malnutrition Unit (CLM) has been conducted, as part of the evaluation of the institutional and organisational capacities of the nutrition sector in Senegal. Consideration is being given to revising the CLM mandate. The CLM makes regular monitoring visits to the field and progress reports are produced regularly. The CLM regional monitoring committees are up and running. 10 of the 14 existing civil society platforms have now been decentralised. A meeting of the government platform, four statutory meetings of the civil society platform and three meetings of the donor/UN platform have taken place over the reporting period. Discussions with the media, the private sector and academia have been held, with key actors from these groups helping to produce action plans for their respective sectors. A parliamentarian network for improved nutrition has been established, which has already participated in an advocacy session on nutrition, during Senegal’s 12th Parliamentary Session in April 2017, and during the awareness-raising day “United for Nutrition”, held in June 2016.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
Equipped with a roadmap, the Governmental cell for malnutrition(CLM) piloted the creation of the National nutrition development policy (PNDN) in 2015 and a Strategic multisectoral nutrition plan (PSMN) is in the process of being created in 2016. The civil society platform continues its structuring process through enlargement into the regions. An advocacy strategy is in place to widen the participation of relevant players, notably from the private sector, parliamentarians, academics, local authorities, economic, Social and environmental council, etc.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The Fight Against Malnutrition Unit (CLM) attached to the Prime Minister’s office coordinates the activities of the multi-sectoral platform. This multi-sectoral platform is operational and must be strengthened by increasing its size and bringing stakeholders together on various themes at periodic meetings.

The donor/United Nations System platform is operational, with meetings being held every two months. It is working to sustain the membership and dynamism of certain members.The new Renewed Efforts against Child Hunger and undernutrition (REACH) initiative is working at mapping stakeholders on the ground to improve the synergy of actions and precisely identify needs. The Civil Society platform has progressed structurally, thanks to the support of the World Food Programme (WFP). An organisational model and a draft governance text are being drawn up for the platform. SUN process monitoring local committees have been installation at a regional level (14 committees for the 14 regions of Senegal).

The university platform and the private sector platform are currently being set up, with the support of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Canadian Cooperation Support Bureau (BACDI).

Last updated: October 2015

Studies have been conducted into the political evolution and political economy of nutrition, in the context of creating an investment framework for nutrition. An assessment of the legal, regulatory and institutional frameworks for nutrition and food security has been conducted. Various updates have taken place concerned the policy framework. Policies, norms and protocols for reproductive health and child survival were finalised in 2016. Discussions are underway to strengthen legislation on the marketing of breast-milk substitutes.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
A coherent political and legal framework for nutrition is in place at a national level. The global public policy monitoring framework (Joint annual review of the Emerging Senegal Plant) integrates nutrition. A number of analyses of policies and legislation were made in 2015-2016, in order to increase the coherence of the programmes, projects and initiatives in progress (Global alliance for resilience [AGIR], Assessment & Research on Child Feeding [ARCH], New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition [NASAN], National nutrition development plan [PNDN]). A strategy of advocacy and communication, centred on the 2016 PNDN, was drawn up by CLM with the support of REACH. Similarly, advocacy is currently being deployed toward decision makers to reinforce legislation and create implementation guidelines for all parties involved.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The legislative framework in Senegal is particularly favourable. The nutrition policy has been revised and nutrition has been taken into account in the Emerging Senegal Plan, the overarching reference framework for the policies and strategies of Senegal for 2014-2018.

The process of revising the nutrition policy has begun under the leadership of the CLM. Senegal is currently reviewing its guidance document for nutrition development, which dates from 2001. Senegal has a national policy on food for infants and young children (ANJE) and has enacted the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes into its legislation. The ANJE strategy has been validated, as has the strategic plan for enriching foods.

A situational analysis is planned of nutrition and food security policies and programmes, with a view to creating the Civil Society Platform advocacy plan.

Last updated: October 2015

The Strategic Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Plan (PSMN) was finalised in 2016, following a participatory and inclusive process. Locally-elected officials have been involved in the process of producing the (PSMN). 12 sectoral action plans, to guide the implementation and role of actors, have been produced, with the support of UN agencies, donors, and civil society representatives.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
The common results framework for nutrition in Senegal will consist of the PSMN in the process of being created. Various studies are in progress: situational analysis, analysis of the political context, evaluation of organisational and institutional capacities, risk analyses. Furthermore, workshops were held during the process of creating the PNDN to diagnose the sectors and actions relevant to nutrition, and an analysis was made of the omissions in the multisectoral information system.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The Common Results Framework (CCR) will be derived from the nutrition sector strategic plan that is to follow revision of the nutrition policy. The complementary nature of the interventions of the various sectors does however offer an opportunity for its short-term implementation.

Donors and Partners share the government’s vision, supporting the CLM and key ministries, as well as the government’s malnutrition and food insecurity response plan. The Civil Society Platform includes an associative project whose objectives and strategic guidelines are aligned with national priorities.

A monitoring and evaluation mechanism will also be set up to monitor the implementation of nutrition policy.

Last updated: October 2015

The Government’s budget allocation level towards nutrition remains stable. Resources made available by donors is deemed satisfactory, with the involvement of new actors, particularly Spanish and Japanese development cooperation partners. The 12 sectoral action plans produced within the context of the PSMN are all costed. The costs of nutrition-specific and sensitive interventions have been identified. The Government and the civil society platform are continuing advocacy for an increase in allocated resources, using an advocacy guide created by civil society.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
A study on nutrition financing is in progress in 2016 and could make it possible to orient the implementation of a financial monitoring and resource mobilization system. The government has honoured its commitments concerning disbursements for nutrition. The situation is more mixed on the side of the financial partners, but some have also honoured their commitments. The governmental contribution is flexible, stable and growing. The PSMN currently being created will make it possible to identify the financial needs of the nutrition sector.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
In 2011, the government undertook to increase nutrition funding year-on-year, to reach 2.8 billion CFA francs per year in 2015. Mobilisation of resources for specifically nutrition-related activities was satisfactory with regard to this commitment. Monitoring the resources mobilised has improved visibility now that the Ministry of Finance is decisively implicated in the process. However, the needs of all sectors still remain to be precisely identified.

The donors/United Nations System platform has provided technical and financial support for the implementation of the REACH and Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR) initiatives in Senegal. It will also provide technical and financial support for the creation of the National Nutrition Policy. However, the absence of a CCR is preventing any real progress being made with process 4.

An advocacy plan to bring the State, local authorities, partners, civil society, etc., to allocate more financial resources to the nutrition and food security sectors is currently being developed under the civil society pilot project.

Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

Abdoulaye Ka
National Coordinator of the Fight Against Malnutrition Unit (CLM - Cellule de Lutte contre la Malnutrition under the Prime Minister's Office)

Donor Convenor

  • CIDA