South Sudan

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On 26 June 2013, the Republic of South Sudan joined the SUN Movement with a letter of commitment from HE Riek Machar, the Vice President. At the time, South Sudan had high levels of cohesion within the government as well as among donors and implementing partners on the importance of tacking undernutrition. A National Nutrition Policy was in place which aimed to deliver actions across all related secotrs and achive improved nutrition outcomes for the country as a whole.

Progress

Bringing people together
30% 2017

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
16% 2017

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
36% 2017

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
4% 2017

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

TOTAL
22% 2017

TOTAL

Nutrition situation

31.1%

Under Five Stunting

0%

Low Birth Weight

45.1%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

22.4%

Under Five Wasting

6%

Under Five Overweight

31.5%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

10%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

27.8%

Adult Overweight

7.5%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

South Sudan is still in the midst of a humanitarian crisis, driven by three years of a civil war. In 2017, over 5.5 million people are facing extreme hunger. The Government of South Sudan is committed to scaling up nutrition, with the multi-stakeholder platform (MSP), established in 2015, being revitalised in June 2016. The SUN Civil Society Platform was set up in 2017. The Donor Network is yet to be established. Expansion of the MSP is planned to also include nutrition-relevant line ministries and sectors, as, currently, SUN activities only fall under the Ministry of Health. Plans are underway to further involve the heads of United Nations and civil society organisations in the SUN Movement activities in South Sudan, in support of the South Sudan SUN Movement a shortterm workplan.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
The past year has been a period of reorganising and strategising for the revitalisation of SUN Movement activities. The focus has been on bringing different stakeholders together, so they, in turn, can form their networks, in a bid to create a Multi-Stakeholder Platform. However, a worsening of the political climate in South Sudan has led to competing, pressing priorities in the country. The Steering Committee – comprising the Government and UN agencies – is working towards the establishment of a Multi-Stakeholder Platform.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
South Sudan is setting up mechanisms to foster coordination for nutrition. Given this is their initial year of establishment, stakeholders are positive that many more results will be achieved in the coming years. South Sudan joined SUN Movement in 2013 and appointed Undersecretary, Ministry of Health (MOH) as the SUN Government Focal Point with support from the Director of Nutrition (MOH) as a technical Focal Point. United Nations (UN) partners have supported the MOH to establish a SUN secretariat at the National level. Terms of Reference for a Multi Sectoral Platform (MSP) are also being developed and will be endorsed by the Honorable Minister of Health. The proposed members for the MSP include representatives from line ministries, UN agencies, civil society and academia.

There is progress towards the establishment of a Civil Society Alliance and Business Network. South Sudan is keen to learn from the experience from other SUN Countries and plans are underway for a face-to-face learning exchange visit.

South Sudan is also planning a high level event that will promote the importance of nutrition and enable the political and collective support needed for scaling up actions.

Last updated: October 2015

Nutrition-relevant legislation has not as yet been put in place in South Sudan, although the Nutrition Department at the Ministry of Health and members of the Nutrition Cluster – comprising the Government, UN and civil society – have been working closely to develop regulations and guidelines. The development of the Food and Nutrition Policy is underway, as reviews are ongoing. Guidelines on Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) and Maternal Infant and Young Child Nutrition (MIYCN) have been endorsed by the Ministry of Health and are being rolled-out, with impact monitoring underway. However, a Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and other legal frameworks are yet to be developed and put into force.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
South Sudan has, since 2009, had a draft Nutrition Policy which the Ministry of Health, with the assistance of other stakeholders, is reviewing in a bid to ensuring its endorsement, in addition to developing nutrition-related legal frameworks and strategies.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
Currently, convening different actors in the context of South Sudan is a huge challenge to overcome, however, establishment of an MSP will help to bring key policy and decision makers from different ministries and sectors into one shared platform for discussion. The MSP will enable collective review and alignment of the policies and legislation addressing different determinants of good nutrition.

The South Sudan Finance department has agreed to provide a separate budget line for nutrition programmes in MOH. It was made possible because of the effective engagement with the Finance department in preparation for the SUN Movement Budget Analysis Exercise to report on nutrition related expenditure across sectors. UN agencies (UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), World Food Programme (WFP), Food and Agriculture Organization and World Health Organization) are working with the MOH to develop and enforce key policies and legislation including Universal Salt Iodisation, Breast Milk Substitute marketing codes and fortification laws and standards.

Last updated: October 2015

The Ministry of Health is integrating nutrition into health sector guidelines, strategies and policies. Key nutrition activities and partner mappings are carried out in collaboration with the Nutrition Cluster. The Ministry of Health – in consultation with stakeholders – have, in the reporting period, developed an annual nutrition work plan, and joint monitoring mechanism.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
No progress has been documented due to the ongoing conflict.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The South Sudan SUN team recognises the importance of combatting the high levels of malnutrition and is determined to develop a long term comprehensive strategy that will effectively address their issues of stunting and wasting. A priority for the MSP will be to develop a Common Results Framework (CRF) and a package of interventions with strategic objectives by sector. A robust monitoring and evaluation system will be developed to complement the CRF. UNICEF and WFP have already aligned efforts behind the Ministry of Health to start work on the CRF.

Last updated: October 2015

No progress has been documented in the reporting period due to the ongoing conflict.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
South Sudan participated in the financial tracking exercise which took place in 2015-16 and a detailed analysis of nutrition-specific and sensitive allocations has been carried out.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
South Sudan’s ability to mobilise sufficient financial and technical resources for nutrition is limited due to it being a newly formed country. Participation of South Sudan in the SUN Movement Budget Analysis Exercise for nutrition related expenditure proved to be an eye opening learning experience for the key stakeholders involved. Through the exercise, they were able to agree with the Finance department that a separate budget line will be allocated for the Nutrition Department of the Ministry of Health.

The Department for International Development, the European Commission, Food for Peace by the Office of Disaster Assistance in the United States Agency for International Aid, the Government of Japan, UNICEF and UNICEF National Committees are the main donors for nutrition programs and funding is channeled mainly through UN agencies and civil society organisations.

Nutrition interventions are being implemented across the country, with major contributions directed to address severe acute malnutrition programs in emergencies, however, there is limited finding available for major development interventions to address chronic malnutrition or to prevent stunting.

A priority for South Sudan is to establish a transparent financial reporting and tracking system that enables the government and donors to track resources and ensure transparency and accountability.

Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

Dr. Makur M. Kariom
Undersecretary, Ministry of Health

Donor Convenor

  • TBC