Togo

On 11 March 2014, the Republic of Togo became the 48th country to commit to scaling up nutrition with the SUN Movement. The leadership of Togo is committed to addressing the issue of high child mortality rates caused by malnutrition. In addition to their efforts to integrate nutrition into multiple strategic documents, Togo has developed a National Policy for Food and Nutrition (PNAN) in 2010, and a National Strategic Plan for Food and Nutrition (PSNAN) 2012-2015. The PNAN takes into account the double burden of malnutrition, gender and human rights and the PSNAN requires increased support from technical and financial partners.

Progress

Bringing people together
15% 2017

Bringing people together

Coherent policy and legal framework
36% 2017

Coherent policy and legal framework

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework
0% 2017

Aligning programs around a Common Results Framework

Financial tracking and resource mobilization
9% 2017

Financial tracking and resource mobilization

TOTAL
15% 2017

TOTAL

Nutrition situation

27.5%

Under Five Stunting

11.1%

Low Birth Weight

57.5%

0-5 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding

6.7%

Under Five Wasting

2%

Under Five Overweight

52.7%

Woman Anaemia 15-49 years

8.3%

Adult Blood Glucose (Diabetes)

25.9%

Adult Overweight

7.5%

Adult Obesity

Strategic objectives

The Decree establishing the multi-sectoral platform (MSP) is being adopted. However, several platform members have already been officially appointed. The three ministries – Ministry of Grassroots Development, Crafts and Youth Employment, Ministry of Trade, Industry and Private Sector Promotion, and Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education and Vocational Training – are involved in the MSP, for the first time. United Nations agencies, donors, the private sector and civil society organisations attend platform meetings, which are held regularly but not frequently enough because of a lack of funds. The platform’s roadmap, including a list of key actions, and the UN Network’s workplan have been created. Two parliamentary groups address the question of nutrition – one from a health standpoint and the other from the perspective of food security.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
The decree establishing the multisectoral platform for nutrition is currently en route to being finalized and approved. Certain members have been officially named by their structure to participate in the activities of the multisectoral platform.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
From 2013 to 2015, the FAO started a governance project on the establishment of consultation frameworks for aspects of food and nutritional security at centralised and decentralised levels. Several information briefings and consultation meetings have been held throughout 2014-2015 with civil society, the private sector and technical and financial partners to raise awareness of the SUN Movement and study the decree planned for establishing the multi-sectoral platform. This decree will be adopted once has it has been finalised. The head of the national nutrition service of the Ministry of Health is leading and coordinating stakeholders for nutrition until an official focal point is named.

The networks of the various parties involved have not been set up yet. 2014 saw the arrival of Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR), which is being established.

Last updated: October 2015

Following the evaluation of the food and nutrition policy and the National Strategic Plan for Food and Nutrition 2012-2015, the terms of reference for the creation of a new policy and a new strategic plan for nutrition (both multi-sectoral in nature) have been made available. The new National Investment Programme for Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security (PNIASAN) is also under development. The Government has adopted the new National Health Development Plan (PNDS) 2016-2022, which includes nutrition. Several laws relating to nutrition have been adopted or are currently going through the approval process, including the Order on salt iodisation and food fortification.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
Advocacy has begun, in collaboration with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Health Organization, GIZ (Germany) and other partners, in favour of evaluating and revising the 2012-2015 National strategic food and nutrition plan, taking greater account of multisectorality and improving budgeting.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
National legislation on nutrition covers food fortification (oil, wheat flour), maternal leave of 14 weeks and universal iodisation of salt, the decree for which is under review. The International Code of Marketing Breast-Milk Substitutes, adopted in 2003 by the Council of Ministers, has not yet been adopted by the National Assembly. A government proposal to update it has just been approved by the Togolese parliament prior to its adoption.

The National Food and Nutrition Policy (PNAN) was developed in 2010 and takes into account the multiple burden of malnutrition, gender and human rights. Nutrition is incorporated into the following documents: the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP II), the National Health Development Plan (PNDS), the National Agricultural Investment and Food Security Programme (PNIASA) and the Programme for the Support of Agricultural Diversification (PADA), the Strategy of Accelerated Growth for Employment Promotion (SCAPE), and the social protection policy.

Last updated: October 2015

Initial contact has been made with MQSUN+, to assist with the development of the multi-sectoral strategic plan for nutrition and its common results framework. The planning arrangements contained in the various sectoral plans are currently being revised.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
There are sectoral reports available, but they have not been created in an integrated way: each sector produces a report on its nutrition activities but no collective synthesis has been carried out. This is due to the fact that the common results framework has not yet been defined.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
The National Food and Nutrition Strategic Plan (PSNAN 2012-2015) is focused on direct interventions in nutrition. Five sub-programmes are implemented with the technical support of health, education and social partners:

  1. Promotion of Nutrition and Nutritional Education, including healthy lifestyles, and stepping up the application of infant and young child feeding.
  2. Boosting prevention and treatment of malnutrition in nutritional recuperation centres (CREN)/FS and through community outreach; food and nutrition for school-age children (school canteen project); food for adolescent girls, pregnant women and breast-feeding women.
  3. Scaling up community participation.
  4. Scaling up the prevention of micronutrient shortages.
  5. Scaling up coordination, follow-up and evaluation by increasing institutional capacity.

Togo has recognised the development of a common results framework as a priority for 2015.

Last updated: October 2015

A nutrition intervention mapping exercise is currently being conducted to assess additional funding needs. The budget analysis exercise, which began in 2014, continued in 2016 with technical assistance from a consultant. There are still no clear nutrition-specific budget lines in sectoral ministries’ budgets. Terms of reference have been produced for technical and financial support during the development of this multi-sectoral strategic plan for nutrition.

Last updated: November 2017

2016
Mapping of nutrition activities is envisaged for 2017, in order to evaluate needs for additional financing. Togo needs technical and financial assistance to create a new, costed, multisectoral nutrition action plan, and a common results framework.

Last updated: December 2016

2015
No estimates have been made for the financial costs of the National Food and Nutrition Strategic Plan. Togo has been involved in tracking budget allocations, which has allowed it to identify the ministries which have budget lines that could potentially contribute to nutrition.

Last updated: October 2015

SUN Government Focal Point

"This [budget analysis] exercise enabled us to be aware of where nutrition allocations are and which sectors contribute to it so that we now know at which level, actions need to be taken to inform better plans."

Dr Bouraima Mouawiyatou
Chief of the nutrition department in the Ministry of Health in Togo

Donor Convenor

  • TBC